Orthopedic conditions are injuries and conditions affecting the musculoskeletal system. This body system includes the muscles , bones, nerves, joints , tendons, ligaments , and other connective tissues. Damage to any of these tissues or structures may result from chronic orthopedic illness or injury.
There are many conditions which affect the musculoskeletal system of the body. While mild cases react to home care remedies, others will need the help and expertise of an orthopedic specialist. Among the most common orthopaedic disorders are:
1. Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury
The principal function of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is to minimize femur movement on the tibia. It may cause damage to the underlying muscles and ligaments when there is undue pressure on the tibia. ACL injuries occur most often in high-contact sports such as soccer, football, and basketball where the knee has a sudden effect , causing the ACL to rupture, or a sudden change of direction, when the foot is still firmly fixed on the ground and the knee tries to change direction.A tear in the ACL will cause the knee to lose its stability and feel like it can not bear the weight of the body.
The bursa has the purpose of serving as a cushion and reducing friction between body tissues. Bursitis occurs upon inflammation of the bursa. Bursa is positioned between such joints as the knees and elbows. Bursitis is primarily caused by overuse, injury or infection. Patients who have bursitis may feel joint stiffness, discomfort and swelling.
3. Meniscus injuries
The meniscus is located on the tibia, and its purpose is to absorb and cushion shocks that are encountered by the knee. Meniscus injuries can occur when the knee unexpectedly bends or because of wear and tear. Meniscus injuries are also caused by other injuries to the knee ligament, including an ACL tear.
Arthritis is a joint inflammation which may be caused for many causes such as ageing, injury, overuse or infection. Osteoarthritis is the most common form of Arthritis. Osteoarthritis develops as the cartilage is weakened slowly, which is a chronic condition.
Fractures occur when the bone has a crack, which can be classified under open or closed fractures. Our bones are high in compressive strength but low in resistance to tensile or shear. As such, our bones can quickly break when there’s a bending motion such as a fall or sudden shift of motion.
Osteoporosis occurs when bone mass is lost, and the bone tissues are slowly damaged. Osteoporosis can lead to fragile bones and fracture prone bones. Typically this is because of aging or lack of calcium intake. Areas of high stress such as the hips and the spine are usually affected.
Above are some of the common orthopedic conditions which many people experience. Orthopedic conditions have a significant effect on our lives and so we have to do our best to protect our bodies from injury.